Andy Warhol

Archive

Sources

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/episodes/andy-warhol/a-documentary-film/44/

http://www.artchive.com/artchive/W/warhol.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andy_Warhol

http://www.artelino.com/articles/andy_warhol.asp

Accomplishments

Andy Warhol created the “Pop Art” movement, and this is really what made him famous.  He also started up “The Factory”, which is where him and other artists would go to finish their art. When he first started, his first work appeared in Glamour magazine, which he then won many awards from the Art Directors Club and the American Institute of Graphic Arts. After starting his “Pop” images, he was featured in many magazines such as: Glamour, Newsweek, Time, and Esquire.  Warhol also wrote several books that were presented to the public, his most popular being; “Popism: The Warhol 60’s,” and “The Andy Warhol Diaries.”

Bigraphical Information

Andy Warhol was born August 6, 1928 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.  His real name is Andrew Warhola, of Slovakian decent, and had it changed after his parents had emigrated to the United States.  As a child, Warhol didn’t really have many friends, and was often bed-ridden from third grade until he was about thirteen.  In third grade, Warhol suffered from Chorea, which is a disease that causes involuntary movement.  He then later became a hypochondriac and developed a fear of hospitals and doctors, because he had so often visited them.  When Andy was thirteen, his father was killed in an accident at work on a construction site.  He then went on to study commercial art at Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, and then went on to New York to become a commercial artist for many different magazines.  In the 60’s, Warhol started painting everyday objects, such as Campbell’s soup cans and coke bottles.  Warhol was the leading figure in “Pop Art,” and tried to blue the line between fine art and commercial art.  In 1962, Warhol founded “The Factory,” which was a place for him and other artists to produce prints and posters.  Warhol’s favorite painting technique was Silk Screening, which is when a screen (fine fabric) is stretched and spread out into a frame and covered in only certain spots, and is then painted with a squeegee which is used to squeeze the ink through the fabric onto paper.  Warhol also created more than 300 experimental films, which were very controversial because they were very bizarre and pornographic.  His most famous film, “Sleep,” was nothing but a shot of a man sleeping for over six hours.  In 1968, Warhol hardly escaped death when he was shot two-three times be Valerie Solanis, a former Factory worker.  She was the sole member of a group she founded called “SCUM,” Society for Cutting Up Men.”  He never completely recovered and had to keep a bandage around his waste for the rest of his life.

A video of Andy Warhol